Sol LeWitt was born in Hartford (Connecticut, United States) in 1928 and died in New York in 2007.
Sol LeWitt is widely acknowledged as one of the fathers of Conceptual Art.
He overturned and redefined the conventional rules of the artistic praxis and its material production through the abolition of the notions of uniqueness, unrepeatability and individual skill in manual performance, in favour of an absolute primacy of the idea. When an artist uses a conceptual form of art in his/her practice, it means that all of the planning and decisions made beforehand the work itself become a priority over the final result. Performance becomes almost irrelevant, so much that it can be made by anyone as long as they follow the artist’s instructions. To express this with the artist’s words, “the idea becomes the tool that produces art.” LeWitt defines sculptures, gouaches and wall-drawings as “structures.” The visual vocabulary that he used can be multiplied and transformed indefinitely. In his practise, not only an architectural dimension but also a constant relation with the space within which the work is located are clearly readable, his art is made up of measured intervals and controlled geometric relationships which demonstrate the contrasts and similarities between the two disciplines.
“The idea becomes a machine that makes the art. This kind of art is not theoretical or illustrative of theories; it is intuitive, it is involved with all types of mental processes and it is purposeless. It is usually free from the dependence on the skill of the artist as a craftsman.” (SL, 1967)